As times passes, getting an education and making money out of the degree earned is an expectation of every other person. It is a common assumption that the income made out of it will go up with more experience and age.
However, this is not always the case. In fact, in the economy today, incomes have decreased dramatically. It is hard for the new generations to make both ends meet.
Consequently, many of the young adults now need to have more than a single job to afford a place to live, food, and other basic necessities of life.
Working endlessly can disturb your peace of mind and can be tiresome. You may end up with little or no social life and high levels of stress.
Stress is known to have negative effects on health ranging from mental health problems to digestive issues. Moreover, a fluctuating income may even increase the risk of such conditions.
A new study, published in the journal Circulation aims to study the effects of ups and downs in income on people.
It suggests that in addition to other effects, it may even increase your risk of developing heart diseases in the future.
Perhaps the most shocking discovery in this study was the risk was also present in very young people.
Read the study here.
How Was the Study Conducted?
To investigate the health of young people, the researchers took data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults. (CARDIA).
Their first observation was of five assessments done between the years 1990-2005. During this procedure, they looked at various factors such as drops in the salaries and income votalitity.
Income volatility was defined as the change in the percentage from one pay to another.
Furthermore, they looked at the cardiovascular events during the years 2005-2015 including both fatal and non-fatal ones.
In total, there were 164 deaths and 106 cardiovascular events. The researchers checked various other reasons for them occurring such as family history, general health, and socio-economic background.
What Were the Results?
After the final observation, the team noted that the people with the highest levels of income volatility had the highest risk of developing heart-related conditions.
The risk of heart failure, stroke, or any other conditions was almost doubled. On the other hand, people with less fluctuations in their income levels had fewer chances in comparison.
Additionally, some groups were also more likely to experience heart conditions as a result of income volatility.
For example, women, ethnic minorities, people with symptoms of mental conditions such as conditions, less-qualified people, those who are no married, and those who smoke had more income fluctuations.
What Does This Show?
According to the lead author Tali Elfassy, the study mainly highlights a growing concern of income volatility and its effects on the health. She comments:
“While this study is observational in nature and certainly not an evaluation of such programs, our results do highlight that large negative changes in income may be detrimental to heart health and may contribute to premature death.”
The study shows a connection between income levels and heart disease but does not point at what exactly causes the ups and downs to lead to effects on health.
The theory right now is that fluctuations may cause an individual to indulge in unhealthy behaviors out of stress. For example, excessive alcohol consumption and smoking.
The team hope further research is carried out on this subject as income fluctuation is one of the major problems in today’s society.