Drinking more water reduces the risk of developing UTIs, research says


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Researchers from America and France report that drinking an additional six glasses of water, daily; can cut the risk of acquiring UTIs. The respective research was published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine.

UTIs are the infections of urinary tract, affecting the parts of the urinary system including kidneys, bladder, and urethra. Women are usually at greater risk of developing UTIs because of their anatomy. Luckily, UTIs are preventable and one of the simplest ways to serve the purpose is to drink water.

The study employed around 140 menopausal women. They were analyzed for the effects of water intake on the incidence of UTIs. All participants in the study were under the age of 45. Plus, they had experienced at least three UTIs in the year prior to the study. Note that they drank less than six glasses, or less than 1.5 liters (l), of water per day.

The research team randomly divided them into two groups.

  1. One group was asked to drink six additional glasses of water per day.
  2. The second group had to maintain their normal water consumption routine.

Furthermore, the team also evaluated the participants’ everyday fluid ingestion, urinary hydration, and signs of cystitis at the beginning of the study and at the six- and 12-month visits. The frequency of recurrent cystitis was also measured throughout a year. Moreover, the number of antimicrobial regimens used, the average time interval between cystitis episodes, 24-hour urinary hydration measures were also evaluated.

What were the results of the study?

The follow-up period continued for a year. The results of the study showed that women who drank six more glasses of water daily were at fewer risks of frequent recurrent cystitis. Moreover, they experienced an average of 1.7 episodes of UTI. On the other hand, those who drank less water suffered from at least three UTI episodes.

The total number of UTI episodes was 327. 111 of them were from the water group and 216 were from the control group. Moreover, the average interval time between cystitis episodes in the water group was 142.8 days and 84.4 days in the control group.

Drinking more water also reduced the need for antimicrobial treatments or antibiotics among the participants. Thereby, lowering the risk of developing antibiotic resistance.

Thus, the findings of the study concluded that additional intake of water every day is a safe and natural way to prevent UTIs in women.

Other benefits of drinking more water

Aside from preventing UTIs, drinking water also provides the following health benefits,

Drinking water can improve your mood. It can reduce the sense of confusion, bewilderment, fatigue, and sleepiness. The people who drink less amount of water are often associated with decreased calmness, contentedness, and positive emotions. Water can effectively ward off the risks of diseases like kidney stones, constipation, asthma, coronary heart disease, and even some cancers.

The body uses a lot of water during exercise so staying hydrated can enhance your physical performance. Moreover, it can protect your body, reduce fatigue, lower your maximum heart rate, and lessen body soreness after exercise. Drinking more also enhances cognitive performance of an individual. Moreover, it also aids an effective weight loss.

Source

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2705079

 


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Areeba Hussain
The author is a Medical Microbiologist and healthcare writer. She is a post-graduate of Medical Microbiology and Immunology. She covers all content on health and wellness including weight loss, nutrition, and general health.

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